The prevalence of performance-enhancing drugs in sports has increased in the 43 years since Mirkin, a physician and sports medicine expert, handed out his survey. The desire to win is, naturally, ever present while, at the same time, new research and technologies have expanded the number of options for cheating your way onto the podium. For example, today's performance-enhancing drugs come in many forms other than a pill ("the cream and the clear," a testosterone-based ointment described by accused athletes in court testimony, comes to mind), but the results they produce are still highly sought after. Professional cycling has been repeatedly rocked by revelations and allegations of drug use. Every two years as the Olympic Games begin, we hear about athletes using or at least being tested for performance-enhancing drugs. Major League Baseball is still trying to repair its image from the steroid era. And the list goes on.
Hospital and Field Placements/Outreach require Health & Safety, WHMIS and OWHSA training, and approved Non-Violent Crisis Intervention (NVCI) training prior to placements. There are additional costs associated with training that should be anticipated by students which are not covered by tuition fees. To be eligible for placement, you must submit proof of Standard First Aid certification, CPR level C, PRCSVS, and complete immunizations (if required by the placement agency) through ParaMed and pay associated costs. ParaMed services are the third party provider who collects all field placement documentation for the School of Health and Community Studies.